Starting from concerns of multiple stakeholders on critical state on agrarian conflicts in Forest area which brings out forest and environment devastation, poverty, impoverishment, and uncertainty of forest governance, Indonesian Government committed to CGI (Consultative Group of Indonesia) – Commitment No. 11, February 1st 2000 to resolve forest land tenure issue, in which one of the option were to form a working group on Forest-Land Tenure. At the same time, People’s Consultative Assembly Decree (Ketetapan MPR) No. IX Year 2001 in Agrarian and Natural Resources Governance Reform was established by MPR which then mandated People’s Representative Council to review the existing regulation related to agrarian and natural resources field, as well as rebuild tenurial system, which includes occupation, ownership, usage, and utilization of agrarian resources (land and other natural resources) in order to achieve certainty and legal protection as well as justice and prosperity for all Indonesian people.
Those two momentums had encouraged a number of organizations, from government (Forestry Ministry), donor institutions (Ford Foundation, DPID, NRMP), research institute (ICRAF) and NGOs to held series of discussion which continued to a workshop for preparing the formation of this particular Working Group, on the midst of year 2000. Finally, the name Working Group on Forest Land Tenure (WG-Tenure) has been agreed in a sense that it can accommodate insights and discourse on forest-land tenure issue in the workshop of “Forest-Land Tenure and Working Group Forming on Handling Forest-Land Tenure issue” held in Bogor, November 27th-28th 2001, which was initiated by Forestry Ministry and its partners (NRM-EPIQ, ICRAF, and DFID-UK).
Up to this moment, WG-Tenure members are government institutions on land and forest, central and district government, along with NGOs and civil society organizations (peasant and indigenous peoples), as well as business companies on forestry, council member, research institute, and universities. WG-Tenure is expected to be a forum to develop discourses on a just and sustainable forest governance. In particular, WG-Tenure aims to help developing forest-land conflict resolution mechanisms and build better understanding between all the stakeholders upon forest-land conflict regarding to People’s Consultative Assembly Decree No. IX Year 2001 on Agrarian and Natural Resources Governance Reform.